Comparing the similarities and differences between athens and sparta in the fifth century bce

Similarities and Differences between Spartan and Athenian society

Family ties were taken more into account in this case and women were legally dependent on their husbands or fathers. If the father's brother was killed the woman became a virtual slave, with minimal rights; in comparison to modern women's lives and in particular to Spartan women, Athenian women were subject to a life of subservience.

Sorry if I get it wrong. All citizens were equal before the law and participated in the government. This led to an unhealthy cycle of the wealthy Athenians controlling the government and the poor ones selling themselves and their families into slavery. Both forms of government ensured that every person was within the law, none could escape.

Workman Publishing; New York, Sparta countered the idea of a autocrat by putting two kings in place, and an overseeing body of five Ephors. The Spartan solution was to invent a new political system as revolutionary as the Athenian's democracy in the north; to become a military state.

Unlike Athens, they did not focus much on infrastructure and their naval unit was very poor; its main objective was to gain power and to control the other kingdoms.

Military Differences Militarily, the two cities were on completely different paths. Should a society make art a priority?

Notes This article was written for a grade 9 "Elective History" in-class assessment, in a time period of 55 minutes. Athenians believed that one should also focus themselves on matters other than military ones.

People voted on many matters such as which one they thought was the most dangerous to their testate and even military and naval expeditions against rival statutes.

Classical Greece

What are the similarities? Ironically the power of women, and the jokes often made about them or their intelligence have proven, that though house life was restricting, they did wield some power. Typical Day of a Greek Housewife Excerpt from: From birth a girl was not expected to learn how to read or write, nor was she expected to earn an education.

They gorged themselves with delicacies and commonly got drunk. Differences between Athens and Sparta? Sparta, on the other hand, was located in the Laconia region and exhibited a more temperate and dry climate.

Also, neither employed the fundamental idea of autocracy — a sole, omnipotent ruler. It was a primitive polis, or city-state. The domination of Athens at sea, and Sparta on land, may differ, but in retrospect, both were the superpowers of their day, especially for the size of their states.

Have students write a two-page fictional piece that describes their life as a Spartan or Athenian youth. They would attend each evening, where specific topic and theme would be chosen for the night. This would later be largely the cause of the conflicts between the Greeks themselves. The result of this was to force the Messenians into slavery.

Compare Athens to our society. At the age of seven, boys left home to live in barracks and receive military training from older boys. TheSpartans were rural, living off the produce of a serf populationand devoting themselves to training for war.

Both took part in activity and took measures in order to look their best for the men of society. Male slaves held the task of working in the trade arts pottery making, glass working, wood working, etc or to educate the sons of a house.

This sanction against the state would prove disastrous for its economy without the wealth of the Athenian economy to augment their trade, forcing Sparta's war machine to spring to life. Dramatists like Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides and the comic playwright Aristophanes all won a great deal of renown for their depictions of relationships between men and gods, citizens and polis, and fate and justice.

He tells her she should not bother about the affairs of men. The efforts by Athens to gain control of its surrounding neighbors led to the Peloponnesian War.

What Were the Similarities Between Sparta and Athens?

What are some differences? Athens What is Differences between Sparta and Athens? While at certain stages, especially under Demosthenes, the Athenian army grew to a monumental strength, almost matching the Spartans, overall it was inferior.

Women were judged on their physique and physical and athletic prowess.

Athens and Sparta Comparison

Generally, the average evening would be composed of leisurely enjoyment, socializing, story telling and riddles and laughs. He made it but collapsed and died of exhaustion. How "democratic" a society was Athens?As they had similarities they also had differences.

The military of Sparta was huge and the best of all but the Athens military was a simple but strong military, the young boy started to train at the age of 7 but the Athenians went to the army at the age of 18, the Spartans kept on the army up until 60 years old but the Athenians just started.

Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE. Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. Sparta and Athens had similar forms of government; both city states.

The Women of Athens Compared to the women of Sparta, the status of an Athenian woman in Greek society was minimal. By comparison to present day standards, Athenian women were only a small step above slaves by the 5th century BC.

While similar in some ways, Athens and Sparta had some key differences between them. A key difference lay in their ambitions, with Athens seeking to expand and Sparta being content with what it had. Though Athens and Sparta were located in the same country of Greece, the two were far enough apart to.

During the fifth century of Ancient Greece the city-states of Athens and Sparta represented two very different forms of living. Spartans directed their time towards their military capabilities while the Athenians were interested in comfort and culture.

Sep 18,  · Their differences lay in other areas - women a basic part of sociallife in Sparta, in Athens they were kept in virtual purdah; theserfs in Sparta were free, the slaves in Athens were chattels.

Comparing the similarities and differences between athens and sparta in the fifth century bce
Rated 4/5 based on 28 review